Thursday, September 3, 2020

Marketing Planning Jordan Toothbrushes free essay sample

Numerous organizations have put resources into this field, including Vietnamese organizations, similar to P/S, and outside organizations, for example, Colgate Palmolive and Oral-B. In any case, as family pay, life standard, and the thoughtfulness regarding social insurance of Vietnamese individuals are expanding, the interest for top notch toothbrushes has additionally been rising. Monitoring this huge interest in Vietnam, Jordan Company †a Norway organization creating top notch toothbrushes †picked Diethelm Co. , Ltd. as its wholesaler to dispatch Jordan toothbrush in Vietnam. Confronting a furious rivalry, the main path for Diethelm Co. Ltd. to infiltrate and win in the commercial center is to set up a decent showcasing plan fitting to current states of the Vietnam advertise. Thusly, this venture targets building up a promoting plan for Jordan toothbrushes for one year, from July 1999 to July 2000. The primary target of this showcasing plan is to fabricate brand mindfulne ss and to help Diethelm Company in getting an expanding deals in Vietnam. We will compose a custom exposition test on Promoting Planning Jordan Toothbrushes or then again any comparative subject explicitly for you Don't WasteYour Time Recruit WRITER Just 13.90/page Organization profile Diethelm was established in 1887. Its base camp are situated in Zurich, Switzerland. To start with it was generally associated with exchanging. Today, the organization extends its exercises into numerous business fields. With its auxiliaries and partners in Asia, Africa, and North America, and with its assembling and activity in Europe, the Diethelm bunch has formed into a worldwide organization. The company’s relationship with Vietnam began as far back as 1890, when Diethelm Co. , Ltd. was consolidated in Saigon. Later on, workplaces were set up in Ha Noi and Hai Phong. For the greater part a century, the organization was occupied with assembling exercises, fare of wares, import of fundamental merchandise just as banking, transportation, protection and travel administrations. In 1956, company’s exercises were hindered because of troubles brought about by the disturbance of war. In 1991, Diethelm came back to Vietnam and is currently working in Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi and Danang. Presently it utilizes 250 neighborhood staffs and is engaged with the accompanying industry fields: Pharmaceutical and human services items Engineering hardware and instrumentation Chemical and Industrial supplies/creature wellbeing items Hotel and office supplies Travel and the travel industry Consumer specialities Diethelm Co. , Ltd. was picked by Jordan Company as its merchants in Vietnam toward the finish of 1998. At present, Diethelm Co. , Ltd. is attempting its best to dispatch Jordan toothbrush in Vietnam. Circumstance examination 4. 1Situational Environments 4. 1. 1Demographic Situation Vietnam is the second most crowded nation in the quickly developing ASEAN locale. At present, the populace is around 78 millions individuals. (80%) of which are living in country zones. The populace is very energetic, around half are younger than 30. High populace brings about an appeal for toothbrushes. 4. 1. 2Economic and Business Conditions Normal yearly GDP development rate over the as of late ten years was 8. 2%. In 1998, because of the local money emergency, Vietnam couldn't arrive at the planned 9% monetary development this year. In August, the National Assembly of Vietnam endorsed the reexamined financial development of about 6% in 1998. See Figure 1 for GDP development pace of the period 1988 to 1998. Figure 1: GDP Growth Rate for the Period 1988 to 1998 (Source: Data from 1988 to 1997 Vietnam Economic Times, Sep. 30, 1997, Statistical Yearbook 1997; Data for 1998 Statistics Committee of Vietnam).

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Alzheimer’s Disease Essay -- Alzheimers Disease Essays

Alzheimer’s Disease Presentation Alzheimer’s illness is a dynamic degenerative issue of treacherous beginning, described by memory misfortune, disarray, and an assortment of intellectual handicaps. It is the significant reason for dementia in the old and is portrayed by the nearness of neuropathologic sores including: neurofibrillary tangles in the neuronal perikarya and in pyramidal neurons of the hippocampus, entorhinal cortex and neocortex, core basalis of Meynert, and periaqueductal dark. Neuritic (feeble) plaques regularly with a focal or center testimony of amyloid inside the plaque and now and again with amyloid penetration of vein dividers (amyloid angiopathy) and the neighboring perivascular neuropil; loss of neurons, frequently in the hippocampus, neocortex, locus coeruleus, and core basalis; and unsettling influence of acetylcholine transmitter action set apart by brought down degrees of acetylcholine and choline acetyltransferase (4). ETIOLOGY Alzheimer’s malady may strike as ahead of schedule as age 40, however is generally basic after the age of 60. As the normal future keeps on expanding so also does the rate of AD. In its beginning times it is hard to recognize from typical maturing. In any case, regardless of whether AD is a particular subjective issue, for example, an irresistible procedure, endogenous or exogenous poisonous issue or biochemical insufficiency, or whether it is a quantitative issue, in which a speeding up of the typical maturing forms happen and dementia shows up as neural stores are depleted, is not yet clear. New strategies of sub-atomic hereditary qualities give a promising new way to deal with seeing AD taking into account the proof that there is a natural figure present the illness (4). In a few examinations, more than one thi... ...scular malady, Parkinson’s illness, hydrocephalus, amyotrophic horizontal and various sclerosis, and dementia’s coming about because of tumors and mind wounds. Considering this, with a maturing populace, it is obvious to see the requirement for additional examination so as to increase a superior comprehension of the reason and parameters of AD. Works Cited: 1) Guela and M. Mesulam (1989). Cortical Cholinergic Fibers in Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease: A Morphometric Study. Neuroscience, Vol.33, No.3: pp. 469-481. 2.)Guela, C., Tokuno, H., Hersh, L., and Mesulam, M., (1990). Human Striatal Cholinergic Neurons In Development, Aging and Alzheimer’s Disease. Cerebrum Research, 508: pp.310-312. 3.) Nappi, G., Sinforiani, E., Martigonoi, E., Petraglia, F., Rossi, F., Genazzani, A. R. (1988). Maturing Brain and Dementia’s: Changes in Central Opioids. European Neurology. 28: pp.217-220.

Friday, August 21, 2020

Strategies to Counteract Online Radicalization

Techniques to Counteract Online Radicalization Section 2LITERATURE REVIEW The motivation behind this investigation is to assess existing Bangladeshi endeavors to counter radicalization through the web, distinguish its shortcomings, and investigate openings. This exploration will examine the huge parts of fruitful counter radicalization models of various nations, and recommend approaches to fuse those in Bangladesh to build up a cognizant enemy of radicalization procedure. At first, this writing audit will talk about the idea of radicalization through the internet. It will permit the perusers to follow the ensuing investigation and the recommendations to build up a component in Bangladesh to counter this danger. The writing audit is isolated into three segments: understanding on the web radicalization, online radicalization from a Bangladeshi point of view, and critical parts of effective universal enemy of radicalization programs. Understanding on the web radicalization will analyze the potential intensity of the web to impact individuals and the procedure of radicalization. The segment on online radicalization from a Bangladeshi point of view will from the outset, quickly survey the significant dangers in Bangladesh and will at that point, recognize and assess the current projects of countering on the web radicalization. The last segment will contemplate the methodologies embraced by Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), The U.S. National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC), and the present projects embraced by Malaysia and Indonesia. These two nations of Southeast Asia have been chosen because of strict and social similitudes, and geographic nearness. Their projects seem, by all accounts, to be successful against online radicalization. Understanding Online Radicalization The web seems to make more chances to become radicalized. Numerous academic articles credit a job to the web in advancing radicalization[1]. Those examinations recommend that the web goes about as a quickening agent, and has broken the customary obstructions to radicalize individuals[2]. In such manner, Gabriel Weimanns Terror on the Internet: The New Arena, The New Challenges checks the quantity of sites of fear monger gatherings and audits their contents[3]. In his article, Weimann focuses to the multiplication of radicals sites. He establishes, before the finish of 1999, practically all psychological oppressor bunches set up their online nearness. Diverse exact examinations recommend, there is a relationship between's fanatics sites and online purposeful publicity, and fast radicalization. The web empowers the fear based oppressors to contact in any case inaccessible people. The compass of the web has obscured the geographic boundaries, and associated the far off people in the virtual world. Dwindle Neumann in his exploration focuses that the web permits the fear based oppressors to contact those people who might not have been available in some other way[4]. For instance, Anwar al-Awlaki[5] effectively made online substance, for example, Inspire that advocates jihad from home. Ines von Behr affirms, these sort of online materials have expand the degree to contact any individuals, and their engaging substance make increasingly opportunity to embed radical thoughts among the individuals[6]. The web makes chances to radicalize a more extensive scope of individuals from all social orders. Rachel and Strugnell distinguish, close to evacuating the geographic boundary, the web has deleted the social and sexual orientation obstructions also to spread radical philosophies. They feature on the web made extension to reach and radicalize the women[7]. In numerous social orders, it might be hard for ladies to meet by and by with male fanatics or work with them; it might likewise be hard for the ladies to communicate certain contemplations out in the open. Be that as it may, the web permits them more prominent anonymity[8]. A few creators opine, the web benefits the contemplative person people who are looking for the extreme thoughts by making an extension to get to any substance privately[9]. Jerome Bjelopera says,ã‚â the qualities of the web permits a relative preferred position to the fear mongers in the current days than their past ages by blurring the lines between nation s, social orders, and genders[10]. The web gives guessed obscurity and a level of insurance and security from detection[11]. The web quickens the procedure of radicalization. Bjelopera terms the web as a reverberation chamber[12]. That is to say, individuals who are looking through any extreme plans to help their scrappy musings are probably going to make some fortify substance on the web because of its enormous stockpiling. The web is a sort of one-stop search for all the data that an individual may look to underline his extreme thoughts that speeds up his radicalization procedure. The virtual world decreases the time span of radicalization process instead of the real world. Anthony Bergin in his investigation alludes the web as a transport line that quickens the radicalization procedure by giving momentary and ceaseless association with any savage idea[13]. Raffaello Pantucci further features the online worlds job in hatching and quickening radicalization[14]. Robert Schmidle focuses that, the visit rooms specifically are compelling for the radicals since they can trade thoughts with similarly invested p eople all day, every day paying little mind to borders[15]. In this way, the web assists the radicalization procedure of any person by offering assortments of substance and ceaseless cooperation. The web permits radicalization to happen without physical contact. Yeap and Park clarify, the web empowers any person to get to radical substance from their own space as opposed to going to an extreme strict gathering[16]. Consequently, an individual need just the web association, physical venturing out to other area is not any more fundamental. In spite of the fact that the web diminishes obstacles to collaboration, hardly any researchers may contend that human cooperation is essential for radicalization. Be that as it may, Behr says, in a computerized time the online exercises might be considered as an augmentation of the genuine lives, and physical association is no more essential[17]. Next to the real world, individual relationship may develop in the virtual world also. Along these lines, Mitchell Silber and Arvin Bhatt attests, radicalization on the web isn't really any extraordinary to what might occur with other increasingly private and less obvious sources[18]. Furthermore, t he web expands open doors for self-radicalization. It is where an individual step by step become radicalized without anyone else [19]. Henceforth, the web makes chances of radicalization without human collaboration. An individual travel through a few stages as he gets radicalized through the internet. In a New York Police Department radicalization contextual investigation, Silber and Bhatt recognize four periods of radicalization: pre-radicalization, self-distinguishing proof, inculcation and jihadization[20]. The contextual analysis perceives the effect of the web on the radicalization procedure as an individual searching for a character and a cause[21]. The web encourages in every one of the phases to educate, mingle, teach and recruit[22]. The FBI has likewise made a radicalization model like that of the NYPD. The FBI model has four phases: pre-radicalization, ID, inculcation and action[23]. These classes are practically like NYPD. The chart underneath shows the Moghaddams flight of stairs to radicalization where the online substance assume a corresponding job: Moghaddam Staircase to Radicalization Source: Moghaddam, Fathali M. The Staircase to Terrorism, A Psychological Exploration, Vol. 60, No. 2, American Psychologist, 2005. Online Radicalization in Bangladeshi Perspective Fear based oppressors Approach and their Target Audience In Bangladesh, hardly any religion based fear based oppressor associations have picked up abilities to create and spread their extreme messages on the web. They have pulled out in the open and media consideration through their exercises and engendering. Moreover, not many radical political gatherings are additionally attempting to build up their online abilities. At present 13 fear based oppressor associations are working effectively and 29 others are working clandestinely utilizing counterfeit credentials[24]. The Special Branch of Bangladesh Police has given the names of eight fear based oppressor associations to Home Ministry who are dynamic on the web: Ansarullah Bangla Team, Allahr Dal, Islamic Solidarity Front, Tamiruddin Bangladesh, Tawhidee Trust, Hizbut-Tawhid, Shahdat-e-Nabuwat and Jamat-as-Sadat. Five of these psychological militant associations have just been restricted by the legislature, and eight more are yet to be banned[25]. These gatherings may have critical specula tion, both human and money related, to construct their online limits. The fear based oppressor gatherings of Bangladesh have all the earmarks of being dynamic on the web, especially in Facebook and YouTube, to spread radical lecturing. This is more secure, and lower probability of being followed by the law upholding organizations. Farooq opines, the online purposeful publicity of the fear mongers in Bangladesh have gotten increasingly composed, and speaking to their targets[26]. Arman claims that the fear mongers attempt to misuse the ethno-strict estimation of the individuals while building up their messages, and advance to their accepts to insert their radical ideas[27]. In the course of the most recent couple of years, detest addresses and savage belief systems that spread through the web set off various fear monger assaults and public savagery in Bangladesh. This was apparent in Ramu and Pabna episodes where mass assaults were done on strict minority individuals. In the two cases, unidentified people utilizing aliases doctored photographs and messa ges on the Facebook criticizing Islam that unsettled people[28]. Online networking have become the simplest way to spread radical thoughts in Bangladesh. Bangladeshi young people are especially helpless against online radicalization because of absence of digital mindfulness. Farooq in his examination opines, the psychological militants appear to focus on the informed young people by spreading engaging m

Friday, June 5, 2020

A Scholarship Boys Nostalgia - Literature Essay Samples

In his essay â€Å"The Achievement of Desire,† Richard Rodriguez acts as both a writer and reader in response to a book written by Richard Hoggart entitled The Uses of Literacy. Rodriguez discovers a parallel between his own life and the life of what Hoggart coins as a â€Å"scholarship boy.† A scholarship boy is defined as a child from a working-class family who feels as if he â€Å"cannot afford to admire his parents†¦[so] he concentrates on the benefits that education will bestow on him.† (566). For Rodriguez, the discovery and reading of the definition prompts him to gain the courage to realize and admit that his academic success is due to his early, emotional separation from both his family and his culture. Discovering Hoggart’s book was an epic moment in Rodriguez’s life. His nostalgic experience is expressed when he writes, â€Å"For the first time I realized that there were other students like me, and so I was able to frame the meaning of my academic success, its consequent price- the loss.† (564). Rodriguez’s academic success began when the â€Å"deepest love† he had for his parents turned into â€Å"embarrassment for their lack of education.† (566). Like Hoggart’s scholarship boy, he started isolating himself from them and transitioning his respect to his teachers. He realized that his parents had no room for societal growth, and if he chose to follow in their footsteps, he would be doomed to the same working-class life that they were marginalized into. Rodriguez’s embarrassment of his parents served as a catalyst to further his education. By idolizing his teachers, he realized that he was opening the doors to success. The only problem with opening the doors to success is that another door closes behind it. The intimate, family life in which Rodriguez found so much pleasure was left in a self-deprecating manner. He began to associate pleasure with inferiority. For a scholarship boy, it is â€Å"clear that education is a long, unglamorous, even demeaning process†¦Ã¢â‚¬  (578). Rodriguez would go to the library and check out the maximum number of books. Many of these books were recommendations from the teachers he admired so much or librarians who had gained a new fondness for him. This mirrors the words of Hoggart when he writes, â€Å"†¦[The scholarship boy] rarely discovers an author for himself and on his own.† (845). Every time Rodriguez did discover a book on his own and found it pleasurable, he disregarded it. There was no room for pleasure in his life. During grade school, Hoggart’s scholarship boys endure the constant feeling of harsh loneliness. The scholarship boy would always be the first to answer a teacher’s question to the annoyance of the other students. In his home life, the scholarship boy feels as if he does not identify with his family, so conversation is always kept to a minimum. The books that Rodriguez brought home are the epitome of Rodriguez’s imaginative, scholarship boy. They are books that disassociate himself from his family. This loneliness also proves true in Rodriguez’s student life. There seemed to be a barrier between Rodriguez and a normal, social life. Instead of healthily interacting with other people, he hid behind his books. When Rodriguez was a graduate student, he traveled to London to write a dissertation on English Renaissance literature. He found himself in a lonely community of other scholarship children whose â€Å"eyes turned away the moment [their] glances acciden tally met.† (579). The realization of such a life had a profound effect on Rodriguez. Nostalgia started setting in, and he was eager to remember the warmth he experienced as a child. Rodriguez blatantly states that he was the quintessential scholarship boy, but I believe that he has since then shed the label. A scholarship boy is defined by Hoggart as a child who tries to separate himself from his family because of the embarrassment of association. He is the â€Å"odd man out.† (848). However the tone used by Rodriguez in â€Å"The Achievement of Desire† is more nostalgic and melancholy than embarrassed. Rodriguez openly writes about his past, even though it had taken him over â€Å"twenty years to admit.† (564). Hoggart claims that once a scholarship boy has made the transition into a scholar, he will never feel a sense of belonging in his personal, private life. This is where the separation between Hoggart’s scholarship boy and Rodriguez truly begins. In the ending paragraphs of his essay, Rodriguez begins to identify with his parents. He notes that he â€Å"laughed just like [his] mother† and â€Å"[his] father’s eyes were much like [his] own.† (580). Although Rodriguez is most likely still the odd man out in his family, he does feel a sense of belonging despite the strained relationship. There is an interesting relationship between Rodriguez and Hoggart’s texts. The structure of Rodriguez’s essay is formatted similar to a reading analysis worksheet. Rodriguez borrows four block quotes from Hoggart’s The Uses of Literacy and comments on them, finding various parallels to his own life. An example of this can be seen when Hoggart writes, â€Å"[The scholarship boy] discovers a technique of apparent learning, of acquiring of facts rather than of the handling and use of facts. He learns how to receive a purely literate education, one using only a small part of the personality and challenging only a limited area of his being.† (577). Like Hoggart’s scholarship boy, Rodriguez admits he was a bad student. He relied on imitation to get him through the grammar school system. Rodriguez â€Å"use[d] his [teachers’] diction, trusting their every direction.† (566). He adopted what he was told to adopt rather than making decisions on his own. Rodriguez’s way of paralleling his life to the life of Hoggart’s scholarship boy seems like a very systematic way of writing, which is interesting, because it reflects Rodriguez’s methodical, educational upbringing. However, how Rodriguez uses the text to his advantage is proof that he is no longer a carbon copy of Hoggart’s scholarship boy. The text is broken up into four sections. The first section intertwines the words of Hoggart and Rodriguez describing Rodriguez’s claim on the term â€Å"scholarship boy.† Rodriguez blurs the lines between Hoggart and himself, which allows him to fully align himself with Hoggart’s definition of a scholarship boy. The passage from The Uses of Literacy within this section seems to flow a little too perfectly. It is seamlessly sewn together as if Hoggart’s words and Rodriguez’s personality are one and the same. The second section could have easily been ripped out of Rodriguez’s journal, because of its heavy use of personal events from the essayist’s life. The second section’s polar opposite is the third section, which seems very factual and based on Hoggart’s The Uses of Literacy. Many of the sentences begin with â€Å"The scholarship boy†¦Ã¢â‚¬  The second and third sections display some kind of internal battle withi n Rodriguez, but it comes together in the fourth section. Instead of reading Hoggart’s text like a chore and adding it to a list of accomplishments like Rodriguez did with Plato’s The Republic, he comprehends and uses it to aid his voice. He controls the last section with great authority. Rodriguez makes Hoggart’s words work for him and becomes both a close reader and a creator of a literate, personal, and admirable essay. He uses Hoggart’s words, but he does not mimic them like he once mimicked his teachers and critics. Being able to find his own voice as both a reader and reader, as well as becoming aware and accepting of the fact that it is okay to desire the past were key to separating Rodriguez from Hoggart’s prescriptive scholarship boy. Rodriguez even goes as far to describe Hoggart’s scholarship boy as â€Å"more accurate than fair.† (577). Although it is a seemingly an accurate description, of what a young, working-class child may go through in life, it is not every man’s description. The scholarship boy described by Hoggart in The Uses of Literacy seemed to have an ill fate of seclusion and loneliness, but Rodriguez seems to have created a different ending for himself by being able to go back home. The last section of â€Å"The Achievement of Desire† proves that the essay is solely Rodriguez’s. He may have inserted Hoggart’s quotes into his work, yet the essay is still his, because the clarity of his emotions and thoughts is pristine. Rodriguez, Richard. The Achievement of Desire. Ways of Reading. Comp. David Bartholomae and Anthony Petrosky. Boston and New York: Bedford/St. Martins, 2005. 561-584.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Case Study of Brady v. Salt Lake City Essay - 610 Words

Significant Facts Two Utah sisters, Maria and Jan Brady posted a message on Facebook in support of anti-globalization and anti-genetically organism (GMO) activists against McDonalds restaurants, who had incited riots in Europe. The sister’s message, sent to over 500 â€Å"friends†, asking them to join the sisters in two days at 10 p.m. at a McDonalds near the sister’s apartment for a â€Å"night of riot, pillage, and fun†. A secondary message was sent out asking the participants to bring items that could be used as weapons or cause property damage. However, one of the â€Å"friends† that the message was sent to turned the postings over to the Salt Lake Police Department. SLCPD officers set up an operation at the scheduled place and time the sister’s†¦show more content†¦Similarly, a State’s statute will found constitutional if they are not arbitrary and a reasonable attempt of the state to protect the public within vested stat e police powers. In Gitlow v. New York, the petitioner was charged with criminal anarchy for advocating a socialist reform in the United States. In 1919, he had published a socialist manifesto and was preparing a mass distribution throughout New York City. The Court held that the State’s statute fell within ordinary scrutiny, and a reasonable means of exercising the police powers of the State. Justice Sanford held that a state has the power to prevent disturbing the peace and restrict speech that has the potential to incite violence, even though there may be no immediate threat of such action. Gitlow set the precedent for the â€Å"Bad Tendency† test, where freedom of speech and press does not give an individual the unmitigated right to any speech or publication without being held responsible for the results. However, in 1969, the Supreme Court held that the clear and present danger test was not an acceptable standard for interpreting the First Amendment. In Brandenbur g v. Ohio, Brandenburg was convicted under the Ohio Criminal Syndicalism Act, which prohibits â€Å"advocating the duty, necessity, or priority of crime, sabotage, violence, or unlawful methods of terrorism as a means of accomplishing industrial or political reform† (Epstein Walker, p. 223). The Court held that although the Act didShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages—San Diego State University Timothy A. Judge —University of Notre Dame i3iEi35Bj! Boston Columbus Indianapolis New York San Francisco Upper Saddle River Amsterdam Cape Town Dubai London Madrid Milan Munich Paris Montreal Toronto Delhi Mexico City Sao Paulo Sydney Hong Kong Seoul Singapore Taipei Tokyo Editorial Director: Sally Yagan Director of Editorial Services: Ashley Santora Acquisitions Editor: Brian Mickelson Editorial Project Manager: Sarah Holle Editorial Assistant: Ashlee BradburyRead MoreCost Accounting134556 Words   |  539 PagesAccounting, 5/e 1–9. In decision making, managers or supervisors may wish to take actions that are not economically justifiable. In most cases, upon receipt of a well-developed cost analysis, a production manager is satisfied whether an action is feasible. If the action is not economically justifiable, the matter is dropped without conflict. In a few cases, however, managers may wish to pursue a project because of personal reasons, and hope to have an economic analysis to support it. In these situations

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Literary Techniques Used in Mother to Son by Langston...

â€Å"Mother to Son,† written by Langston Hughes, is a short poem about a mother who is teaching her son about perseverance and determination by using the image of a staircase. She explains that even though life has given her many hardships, she continues forward and she urges her son to do the same. In â€Å"Mother to Son,† Langston Hughes uses an extended metaphor, imagery, dialect, and structure to paint a picture of a weary mother who wants her son to persevere through the hardships of life. The theme of this poem is determination and the value of experience. The mother is telling her son that no matter what happens, he should never give up. Even though this is a rather sad poem, there is a glimpse of hope because she never gave up. She never†¦show more content†¦A staircase that is broken would not be in a wealthy person’s home, so this also shows us that she is poor. In the 1920’s, which was when this poem was written, many African Americans were moving from the South into the cities for a chance at making a living. Most of them were very poor and lived in poverty, which is why the staircases would be broken down, bare, and no carpet. The title, â€Å"Mother to Son,† tells us that this is a mother giving her son advice. Langston Hughes opens the poem by saying, â€Å"Well, son, I’ll tell you:† (1), which could mean that the son had asked her about her life or that maybe he was complaining about his current struggles. The mother then begins to tell her son that her life has not been easy, but she never gives up and she urges her son to do the same: So boy, don’t you turn back. Don’t you set down on the step ‘Cause you finds it’s kinder hard. Don’t you fall now-- The mother is telling her son that he should never turn around or sit down just because it gets tough, and she uses herself as an example. You can see the determination that this mother has. She keeps trying and persevering through her troubles, even when it seems like there is no hope, â€Å"And sometimes goin’ in the dark / Where there ain’t been no light.† (12-13). â€Å"And sometimes goin’ in the dark† (12) could mean two things: she felt hopeless at some points in her life, or that it was hard to see the way. If a place is completely dark with no trace light, it isShow MoreRelatedLangston Hughes : Jazz Poetry And Harlem Renaissance1212 Words   |  5 PagesLangston Hughes Jazz Poetry and Harlem Renaissance Langston Hughes was an African American poet who was born on 01 February 1902 in Joplin, Missouri. His parents separated and later divorced during his childhood. Subsequently he was raised predominantly by his maternal grandmother. His grandparents were politically active and supporters of the abolition of slavery. They were activists in the movement for voting rights for African Americans. Through their active involvement in his upbringingRead MoreLangston Hughes : The Black Writers Of The Harlem Renaissance1488 Words   |  6 Pageswriters of the 1900’S is Langston Hughes. While many writers focused on one style or category of writing, Langston Hughes is the most versatile of all of the writers from the Harlem Renaissance. While the state of Missouri is known for its largest cities such as St. Louis and Kansas City and for famous attractions such as the Gateway Arch, the state is also the birthplace of one of the most well-known writers of the early Twentieth Century. James Mercer Langston Hughes is an American author, writerRead MoreReoccurring Themes in the Work of Langston Hughes Essay1649 Words   |  7 PagesLangston Hughes is an extremely successful and well known black writer who emerged from the Harlem Renaissance (â€Å"Langston Hughes† 792). 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I contemplated the different ways I have grown and changed. I began to recall certain parts of my life that may have had an effect on the experiences that I had to endure in life. With all my life experience, I am able to identify all three domains of developmental in my life. As this paper progresses, you will learn about my familyRead MoreNot Without Laughter Study Guide9912 Words   |  40 PagesBookRags Literature Study Guide Not Without Laughter by Langston Hughes For the online version of BookRags Not Without Laughter Literature Study Guide, including complete copyright information, please visit: Copyright Information  ©2000-2012 BookRags, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. The following sections of this BookRags Literature Study Guide is offprint from Gales For Students Series: Presenting Analysis, Context, and Criticism on CommonlyRead MoreHaving Our Say Essay9582 Words   |  39 Pagesare trademarks used herein under license. The following sections, if they exist, are offprint from Beachams Encyclopedia of Popular Fiction: Social Concerns, Thematic Overview, Techniques, Literary Precedents, Key Questions, Related Titles, Adaptations, Related Web Sites. (c)1994-2005, by Walton Beacham. The following sections, if they exist, are offprint from Beachams Guide to Literature for Young Adults: About the Author, Overview, Setting, Literary Qualities, SocialRead MoreChildrens Literature13219 Words   |  53 Pagesarea of study. Its richness is reflected in the vast amount of theories that permeate and surround the term. From feminist studies to new historicism, literary theory places the child/text/context relationship on varying ideological and political axes. The reconceptualization of its history and the postmodern growth of radical alternative literary â€Å"histories† further complicate a retelling of the history of children’s literature. Consequently, it becomes not only a difficult but also a contentiousRead MoreJazz Albums as Art Essay4662 Words   |  19 Pagesalbums. According to the research of German art historian Martina Schmitz (whose 1987 book in German, ALBUM COVERS, is the definitive work on this subject),(2) before the mid-thirties, all re cord albums were plain, purely functional holders. What they used originally was either brown, gray, or tan paper, said Alex Steinweiss, who became Columbia Recordss first art director in 1940. They would stamp in gold the name of the record, and it would just lie in the window of the record store like a tombstone:

International Trade and B. Technology C. free essay sample

Both socialism and communism want to achieve a more equal distribution of income and wealth, but under communism the government takes more control over peoples lives. C. Socialism strives for an equal distribution of income but communism wants income to go primarily to those who own and operate private businesses. D. Communism believes that the government should always strive to balance its budget, while socialism accepts deficit spending as the price of achieving true equality. 16. A collapse in the national banking system of Lasia has resulted in a condition where prices are actually declining. This condition is known as: A. disinflation. B. deflation. C. contra inflation. D. overproduction. 17. One of the most significant problems faced by communist economies is: A. a great inequality in the distribution of wealth and income. B. severe inflationary pressures due to rapid economic growth. C. too little government regulation of economic activity. D. persistent shortages of basic goods such as food and clothing. 18. Thomas Malthus was pessimistic about the ability of societies to achieve high standards of living for most of their citizens because he believed that: A. the government had a natural tendency to run deficits that would eventually bankrupt the country. B. population growth would result in shortages of food and resources. C. owners of businesses would deliberately exploit their employees in an attempt to earn greater profits, and this would ultimately lead to a workers revolt. D. high tax rates would eventually undermine peoples incentives to work hard and create wealth. 19. Which of the following statements about the Federal Reserve System (the Fed) is most accurate? A. The Fed is an agency of the U. S. Treasury Department that has the responsibility of collecting tax receipts for the IRS. B. The Fed manages the U. S. money supply and interest rates. C. The Fed is the primary government agency involved in carrying out our nations fiscal policies. D. The Fed is the agency of the government that ensures the U. S. maintains enough gold reserves to pay any foreign debts that result from international trade. 20. The nation of Nadiria is in the midst of a terrible economic downturn. The nations GDP has been declining steadily for over five years and is now at its lowest level in over fifty years. Nadirias unemployment rate is at an all time high and the nations CPI is falling. Nadiria is experiencing a: A. period of stagflation. B. balance of trade deficit. C. depression. D. retraction. 21. Mortavia is a small nation that has followed protectionist policies for many years. Which of the following would be an example of a nontariff barrier established by Mortavia? A. Establishment of a tax levied on imported goods so that foreign products are more expensive than competing domestic goods. B. Establishment of a tax levied on imported goods designed primarily to raise money for the government. C. Establishment of restrictive quality standards requiring foreign firms to make expensive modifications in their products before they can be sold in Mortavia. D. Participation in the Uruguay Round of GATT negotiations. 22. The two basic types of tariffs are: A. goods and services. B. general and limited. C. comparative and absolute. D. revenue and protective. 23. __________ is an arrangement whereby someone with a good idea for a business sells the rights to use the business name and sell a product or service to others in a given territory in a specified manner. A. Franchising B. Contract manufacturing C. Import trading D. Export trading 4. The difference between money coming into a country (from exports) and money leaving the country (for imports) plus money flows from other factors such as tourism, foreign aid, and military expenditures is referred to as the: A. balance of payments. B. balance of trade. C. balance of money flows. D. exchange rate. 25. The largest importer in the glo bal market today is: A. Japan. B. Russia. C. Germany. D. the United States. 26. The emerging nation of Lancerland has enacted a tariff on imported petroleum in order to raise money for their new government. This trade restriction is an example of a(n) ________ tariff. A. revenue B. rotective C. percentage D. fixed 27. A Mexican firm has agreed to trade petroleum to an American importer in return for U. S. made computers. This arrangement is an example of: A. a letter of credit arrangement. B. a nontariff trade. C. arbitrage. D. barter. 28. The second wave of offshore outsourcing refers to: A. moving jobs to South America in addition to China. B. moving skilled service jobs such as those in accounting offshore. C. moving jobs to India in addition to China. D. moving manufacturing jobs offshore. 29. One advantage of free trade is: A. jobs are shifted to low-wage global markets. B. service jobs are moved overseas. C. advanced production operations are built in low-wage countries. D. innovation for new products occurs and keeps firms competitively challenged. 30. Casey is typical of many U. S. businesspeople. Casey feels the U. S. culture should be the model for the rest of the world, and that the American way of doing things is the best. Casey is guilty of: A. ethnic plagiarism. B. ethnocentricity. C. culture shock. D. counter culture. 31. After developing a code of ethics, it should be communicated to: A. everyone with whom the business has dealings. B. the Attorney General in jurisdictions where the business has operations. C. all levels of management. D. stockholders. 32. Management and employees at Boyer Enterprises are given time off each year to work in local charities. This firm clearly practices: A. corporate philanthropy. B. social irresponsibility. C. community mediation services. D. participative funding. 33. A friend offers to share with you a term paper she prepared for her Introduction to Business class last semester. When you tell her that it wouldnt be fair, she reminds you of your habit of reading an entire Harry Potter book at the local bookstore without paying for the book. Which ethics-based question would be the most helpful in evaluating these situations? A. Is it legal? B. Am I acting fairly? C. Who wins and who loses? D. Will I get caught? 34. Environmental quality is considered to be a public good. This means that: A. ultimately it is the public that pays for environmental clean up. B. businesses have a responsibility to minimize their environmental pollution. C. everyone enjoys a cleaner environment regardless of who pays for it. D. society places a higher value on private goods and services. 35. The first step when facing an ethical dilemma is to ask: A. Is it legal? B. Is it balanced? C. How will it make me feel about myself? D. Is it ethical? 36. When working with international firms, U. S. businesses: A. tend to ignore the ethics of their international partners. B. expect socially responsible behavior from their business partners. C. feel that their responsibility is limited to the United States. D. try to avoid judging our international business partners by U. S. standards. 37. Which of the following is the most important step to help improve Americas business ethics? A. middle management support B. training C. enforcement D. identification of the organizational ethics officer 8. The danger in writing new laws to correct behavior is that: A. people may begin to think that any behavior that is within the law is acceptable. B. people will see the difference between ethics and legality. C. legal behavior will reflect the totality of peoples proper relations with one another. D. there will not be enough jails to house those who break the law. 39. Critics of corporate social responsibility view spending money on CSR as: A. a necessary evil. B. stealing from investors. C. important for America. D. moving toward capitalism. 40. Obeying the law is ________ ethical behavior. A. essentially the same as B. the first step towards C. the opposite of D. unlikely to lead to 41. One of the newest items on the Cajun Cookin menu is a spicy Cajun-burger. Sondra was quite surprised to learn that how she made this burger was regulated by the: A. Federal Trade Commission. B. Food and Drug Administration. C. Federal Nutritional Association. D. State Board of Food Examiners. 42. One of the reasons you bought your mom a name-brand mixer for Mothers Day was that it came with a full warranty. This means that: A. the mixer is guaranteed to last for 10 years with normal use. B. the mixer will make wonderful baked goods as well as pasta. C. the mixer will be repaired or replaced at no charge if it is defective. D. only the motor is covered by the mixer manufacturer. 43. One result of deregulation in the airline industry has been: A. less intense competition. B. increase aviation related fatalities. C. higher prices for consumers. D. lower prices for consumers. 44. You agree to sell your car to your neighbor for $5,000. You and your neighbor have provided each other: A. duress. B. consideration. C. an endorsement. D. an expressed warranty. 45. Which of the following do school districts utilize to generate needed funding? A. sin tax B. sales tax C. property tax D. income tax 46. The remedy for a tort is: A. imprisonment. B. a breach of contract. C. bankruptcy. D. monetary compensation. 47. Which of the following protects the original work of authors and artists (i. e. , their books, photos, or cartoons)? A. a trademark B. a copyright C. the Uniform Commercial Code D. a patent 48. The Griggs v. Duke Power Company (1971) case established a precedent on the need to use job-related tests in employment practices. Similar court cases have been decided based on this decision. This is an example of: A. common law. B. statutory law. C. administrative law.